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Monday, 23 November 2020

Discuss about post independence public policy

 If we look at the Indian economy at the time of independence and it showed all signs of stagnation. about 47 % of the population was below the poverty line in 1951. At that point in time, 72% of the workforce was employed in agriculture full stop agriculture contributed to nearly 50% of the national income. Industrialization was at a very low level with only 2% of the workforce employed in industries. In addition to this, there was hardly any investment in industries. the industries which were predominant were cotton textile and jute industries. They also suffered a major setback, as at the time of partition major jute producing areas went to East Pakistan and as a result there was a shortage of raw material for stock Indian economy was suffering from low agricultural output retail industrialization Lo figure of national income, hai poverty and unemployment, the slow economic process soon after independence. The government was looking for guiding policies to make India economically viable.

     

Independence public policy

public coverage components and implementation entail a well-planned sample or path of activity. The new authorities of India recognized a trolley closed night time relation and the interplay between the essential governmental organizations viz., the political government coma legislature, paperwork, and judiciary. Naturally comedy the charter of India used to be framed and normal in 1950. The charter of the kingdom outlines the nature of insurance policies to be taken for the increase and improvement of the nation.
during the time of independence of India to essential political ideas the place reining the world. the United State of America observed a sturdy capitalist mannequin of authorities with a robust personal quarter with personal ownership. Freedom of preference was once the bus phrase first of governments function used to be to grant an easy enterprise and work surroundings for giving up on the different hand, Soviet union followed communist stick model, the place the state-owned everything. All kinds of manufacturing the place in the arms of authorities with a sturdy public distribution device of this and different needs. menu of Japanese European state signed the versus impact and accompanied the communist of economic. The Western European Nations like incredible Britain France and Spain Portugal Germany observed a capitalistic mannequin with the presence of a number of socialistic drives like public transport for the healthcare system.
the Government of India observed a combined financial path-a combine of insurance policies borrowed from each kabbalistic and communist financial coverage first of the most important aim of Indian public insurance policies in the publish independence India was once in the location of social and financial development. Wide-ranging insurance policies have been formulated in the region of industrial and agricultural development. Many insurance policies had been protected into statues like industries improvement and law act 1951. Others have been saved as directives in the more than a few format archives to quit India authorities had a sturdy atom in opposition to imports. It was once performed in order to improve the nation's personal industries.
after independence, the planning fee was once hooked up to make financial plans for a duration of 5 years. For all policies, instructions are the 5 12 months plans end up the most important supply of these insurance policies have been of two sorts of one of the rules and different of promoting it may also be stated that a NITI has now changed the planning commission.
LAWS LAID DOWN WHAT COULD BE DONE OR NOT DONE BY THE ENTREPRENEURS. THIS COULD BE IN THE LARGER AREA LIKE WHAT GOODS CAN BE PRODUCED BY THE PUBLIC OR WHETHER CERTAIN GOODS CAN BE PRODUCED ONLY BY GOVERNMENT AGENCIES. LOSS ALSO SPECIFY HOW STATE AGENCIES THEMSELVES WHERE TO PROVIDE GOODS AND SERVICES LIKE ELECTRICITY TRANSFER ETC.
the Government of India beneath two comparable obligations in the social sharp. But the socio-financial transformation was once no longer the sole trouble when India grew to become independent. There have been additionally issues of countrywide integrity comedy the exterior surroundings was once a supply of danger and the united states have to improve appropriate insurance policies to shield itself. A section from this. There have been inner challenges. regionalism has given race two separatist inclinations that have to be counted in a long-term perspective.
this would consist of no longer solely defense insurance policies however additionally comparable reviews at decentralization that create larger countrywide cohesiveness. Since independence from a public insurance policy in India has been formulated with a view to achieving socio monetary improvement and preserve country-wide integrity full stop these dreams have been complicated annoying coherent policies.
this has been a challenging mission due to the fact dreams have had to be divided into sectors and sub-sectors full so many a time the insurance policies have had been contradictory. What may additionally be rational for financial development, perhaps now not so for countrywide the want of sturdy center to cope with exterior threats, etc? Is necessary however it may additionally no longer go want of sturdy center to cope with exterior threats etc.
Is essential however it may additionally go in opposition to the precept of decentralization which affords for the increased country-wide conference of a heterogeneous society. This is the motive why SR turning off the authentic effect of public coverage will become a necessity.



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